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How do I care for my tyres?

It will help me save

  • Checking tyre air pressure, and regular tyre maintenance such as rotation, alignment and inspections can help you to save money.

It can extend the life of your tyres so you don’t have to buy as often

Simple things like checking your tyre pressure to make sure that they are properly inflated can make a real difference in how long your tyres last. Under- or over-inflated tyres don’t wear evenly and won’t last as long. For example, a tyre that is consistently 20% under- inflated can last 20% less. This means that a tyre that should normally last 40,000 km would be worn out by 32,000 km. Also, since the front and rear axles and right and left sides of your car wear down your tyres differently, rotating your tyres regularly between the different positions will ensure that they wear evenly and last longer.

It can save you money on fuel

  • Under-inflated tyres are one of the biggest causes of using excess fuel.
  • Under-inflated tyres have higher rolling resistance, which means that it takes more effort from the engine to move your vehicle.

It ensures your safety

Your tyres are the only point of contact that your vehicle has with the road – they need to be in good working condition at all times to ensure your safety.
To avoid any problems, follow these important care tips:

  • Inspect your tyres:

You may not always notice if one of your tyres has been damaged. Inspect your tyres regularly for wear and any damage to avoid any sudden problems. Also, have a professional inspect your tyres every year.

  • Check the air pressure:

Driving with incorrect tyre pressures can affect a vehicle’s handling and braking, particularly in wet conditions, and can seriously compromise your safety. Driving on severely under-inflated tyres can cause heat build-up and eventually a blow-out. Check your tyre pressure monthly and before every long trip.

  • Respect the load capacity:

Do not exceed the load capacity relative to the tyre’s load index. Tyres loaded beyond their maximum loads can build up excessive heat that may result in sudden tyre destruction.

  • Driving at high speed can damage your tyre:

At greater speeds, tyres have greater a chance of being damaged by road hazards or heat build-up. High speeds can also contribute to a rapid air loss or even a sudden tyre explosion, which can cause the loss of control of the vehicle.

Use your spare tyre!

If you see any damage to a tyre or wheel, replace it with your spare tyre and have your tyre checked by a professional.

Air Pressure: what should I know?

General Guidelines

  • Check the pressure of all your tyres monthly, including the spare. Even if you don’t see any damage, tyres can lose up to 1 psi – pounds per square inch – every month. This can be accelerated by air leaks due to accidental puncture, leaks in the valve or valve cap, or by wheel malfunction.
  • Check your tyre pressure before making a long trip.
  • For the best results, check your tyre pressure when the tyres are cool – before driving the car or if it has covered less than 2 MILES at low speed.
  • If the tyre is hot, add 4-5 psi to the car manufacturer's recommended pressure value or wait until it has cooled down, which is an average of three hours after parking the car.
  • Never deflate a hot tyre.

How do I check my tyre pressure?

  1. Insert the pressure gauge into the valve stem on your tyre.
  2. The gauge will “pop” out and show a number: that's the psi number.
  3. The hissing sound is air escaping the tyre. It shouldn’t affect pressure substantially, unless you hold down the air-pressure gauge for too long.
  4. Compare the measured psi to the recommended psi.
  5. If the psi is above the recommended number, let air out until they match. If it's below, add air until it reaches the proper number.

Where can I find the recommended pressure for my tyres?

  • In the vehicle owner's manual.
  • On a sticker on the driver's door or the fuel tank door.
  • Do not use the number on your tyre’s sidewall, as this does not indicate the pressure needed in your tyre.

About pressure gauges

  • Be careful if you are using a pressure gauge provided in a service station. The pressure gauges are often unreliable.
  • Buy a high-quality pressure gauge and check its accuracy with a tyre professional.

Getting it right is important

  • Under-inflated or over-inflated tyres can wear down faster than expected, have reduced grip and can consume more fuel. It just takes a few minutes a month to help ensure your safety and the longevity of your tyres.

Nitrogen: what are the benefits?

What is nitrogen?

Nitrogen is simply dry air with the oxygen removed. Air contains nearly 79% nitrogen.

How is it used?

  • Most tyres are filled with compressed air. But some tyre retailers have started to put nitrogen into their tyres.
  • Nitrogen and compressed air can be mixed.
  • Most tyres can be inflated with air or nitrogen, as long as the pressures recommended by the vehicle manufacturer are respected.

The benefits:

When nitrogen replaces oxygen, less air can escape your tyres, and your inflation pressure stays higher longer.

Tyre inspection:

Unfortunately, there are other possible sources of leaks (tyre/rim interface, valve, valve/rim interface and the wheel), which means that there's no guarantee of maintained pressure with either air or nitrogen. The pressure and overall tyre condition must still be checked frequently.

Valve: what should I know?

What is the role of the valve?

  • It ensures that the proper tyre pressure is maintained.
  • It blocks moisture from entering the tyre.
  • The valve cap is particularly important to help block dust particles from obstructing the valve. High-quality caps are recommended.

Ageing and damages

  • Valves are usually made of rubber and therefore age with time.
  • They can be damaged by high speeds causing air to leak from your tyres.

When should I change the valves?

Whenever you buy new tyres.

How to check if you have enough tread left


In order to effectively grip the road, evacuate water and maintain control, your tyres need to have a safe amount of remaining tread. If the grooves in the tyre design have almost disappeared, the tyre will simply not grip the road as well. This is particularly dangerous in wet or wintry conditions.

  • Plus, if you drive with tyres under the legal tread limit, you may be fined.
  • You should check the wear of your tyres regularly. If your tyres are approaching the legal limit or if you have any doubts, get them checked by a tyre professional. Or see below how to check it yourself.

Two methods

1- Check the tread wear with a tread-depth gauge

  • Make sure that the hand brake is on and the car is in first gear (for manual gearboxes) or park (for automatics).
  • Check the depth of the main tread grooves in several places across and around the tyre, using the gauge as instructed by its manufacturer.
  • The legal minimum tread depth in Europe is 1.6 mm across the central three quarters of the tread width and round its entire circumference.

2- Check the tread-wear indicators

  • Tyres have tread-wear indicators moulded into the base of the main grooves.
  • When the tread surface is worn to the same level as these indicators, the tyre is at the legal limit and should be replaced.
  • Winter tyres: MICHELIN winter tyres have a ‘snowflake’ design to show the location of additional tread-wear indicators. They are 4 mm high. Replace your Winter tyres once they have worn down to the level of the 'snow' tread-wear indicators.

Tyre rotation: what should I know?

What is it?

During rotation, each tyre and wheel is removed from your vehicle and moved to a different position to ensure that all tyres wear evenly and last longer.

When should I do it?

Tyres should be rotated every six months or 6,000 to 8,000 miles.
However, check your owner's manual to see if there is a recommended rotation scheme.


Since the position of the tyre on your vehicle can affect how it wears down, regular rotation helps to ensure that tyres wear evenly, extending the life of your tyres and improving performance.

Tyre alignment: what should I know?
(also known as "Suspension alignment")

Tyre alignment is a simple process, which may require slight adjustment of front and/or rear suspension components. If your alignment is off, your vehicle isn’t safe to drive.

When should I have my tyre alignment checked?

  • You’ve hit a sizable object on the road.
  • You see a wear pattern developing on the shoulders (outer edges) of the tyres.
  • You notice a difference in your vehicle’s handling or when you are steering.
  • When you replace suspension or steering components.
  • At least every 4,500 miles.

A few things to watch for:

  • Your vehicle pulls or drifts to one side, when you are travelling on a straight, flat road with little cross-wind.
  • Your steering wheel does not return easily after a turn.
  • Your steering wheel remains at an angle when driving in a straight line.

Why is important?

  • To minimise wear and tear on your vehicle and to maximise driver and passenger comfort.
  • To reduce wear on your tyres, help to increase their life and performance, and improve fuel economy.
  • To improve handling and driving safety by reducing steering and stability problems.

How are wheels aligned? The details

There are three main adjustments made during alignment:

  • Camber: if you’re viewing from the front of the vehicle, camber is the angle of the wheel, in degrees.
  • Caster: if you’re viewing the side of a vehicle, the caster angle identifies the forward or backward slope of a line drawn through the upper and lower steering pivot points.
  • Toe: it’s the difference in the distance between the front of the tyres and the back of the tyres.

Tyre balancing: what should I know?

What is it?

  • Sometimes when tyres are mounted the distribution of weight of the tyre+wheel assembly is not perfectly even all around the tyre..
  • A wheel is out of balance when one area is heavier or lighter than the rest. The result is bouncing or wobbling, which can decrease tread life, increase vibration and cause stress on your vehicle.
  • Tyre balancing compensates for the weight differences to make sure that the tyre weight is balanced. Tyre professionals will add weights where necessary to counterbalance the tyres.

When should I balance my tyres?

  • When a tyre is replaced
  • When a balance weight is moved or removed
  • When you purchase new tyres

How are wheels balanced?

  1. To balance a wheel, your mechanic uses a balancing machine to determine where the heavy spots are.
  2. Weights are then attached to the exterior or interior of the wheel to counteract the centrifugal forces acting on the heavy areas when the wheel is turning.

Any advice?

If you ever feel bouncing, wobbling or vibrations, consult a tyre professional quickly.

What are the basics?

  • If you change between sets of tyres, proper storage ensures that your tyres’ appearance and performance are maintained.
  • Tyres should always be stored in a cool, dry, clean, indoor environment:

If tyres sit outdoors, unused for long periods of time (a month or more), their surfaces will become dry and surface cracks can appear.

Before storing your tyres:

  • Before removing your tyres, note their position on your car. This will allow you to properly rotate your tyres next time you mount them to ensure that they wear evenly.
  • Inspect each one for damage or uneven wear.
  • Clean your wheels and tyres with water and dry them well to limit any corrosion.
  • Remove any stones or debris that have been trapped in the tyre grooves.

Storing your tyres:

  • Store your tyres indoors in a clean, cool and dark location away from direct sunlight, sources of heat and ozone such as hot pipes or electric generators.
  • If you are storing outdoors (recommended for a short time only), raise tyres off the ground and use a waterproof covering with holes to prevent moisture build-up.
  • Ensure that the surfaces on which tyres are stored are clean and free from grease, petrol, solvents, oils or other substances that could deteriorate the rubber.
  • For aesthetic reasons, if your tyres have white wall or raised white lettering, store them with the white wall or raised white lettering facing each other. Otherwise, the black rubber could stain them.
  • If tyres are on a vehicle parked for a long period, the weight of the vehicle needs to be taken off the tyres by jacking it up or removing the tyres. Failure to do this may cause irreversible damage.

How to store tyres with rims

If they are not fitted, store them standing up.

How to store tyres without rims

If the tyres are not fitted on rims, do not stack or hang them. Store them standing up.

How do I change a tyre?

Notice: Do not attempt to change a tyre if it risks the safety of you or your passengers.

Removing the tyre:

  1. Move to the side of the road safely, put on your hazard lights and set your emergency brake.
  2. Find your spare tyre and tools (wheel brace and a jack) – usually in the boot or under the car (but you can check in your owner manual as well).
  3. Remove the wheel’s hub cap. Don’t remove the wheel nuts – just loosen them up.
  4. See your manual to find the right place to lift the car with the jack.
  5. Lift the car until the wheel is off the ground.
  6. Remove the wheel nuts and then the tyre with both hands.

Mounting the spare:

  1. Align the holes on the spare with the bolts on the wheel and push the tyre in as far as it will go.
  2. Replace the wheel nuts and tighten them.
  3. Replace the opposite wheel nuts (this ensures that they are tightened evenly).
  4. Lower your car.
  5. Re tighten each wheel nut, then the one opposite.

A few more tips:

  • Carry a pair of sturdy gloves and a rubbish bag in your boot, in case the tyre you're removing is covered in mud, and a sturdy board to place your jack on in case the ground is soft, to avoid the jack sinking in.
  • Check the inflation pressure of the spare tyre before mounting. If this is not possible, once mounted, drive carefully at low speed until it can be checked.
  • Visit the nearest service station and inflate the tyre correctly.
  • If you have a mini spare, make sure that you stay within its speed and mileage requirements
  • Visit your garage to find a replacement tyre.

Wheel nuts

  • Where necessary, use light machine oil on the wheel nut threads to help their removal.
  • Poorly tightened wheel nuts risk damaging the brake discs or wheel-mounting system.
  • Use a torque wrench to make sure that you tighten the nuts correctly with the correct torque.
    If you don't have a torque wrench get a tyre specialist to check them as soon as possible. This will ensure that the correct torque has been applied.
  • Correctly tightened wheel nuts are easier to remove.

What should I do before I leave?

  • Make sure that your vehicle is up-to-date on all inspections
    see Scheduled care tips
  • Check your tyres’ air pressure and compare to the information on the tyre information sticker in your vehicle’s door, fuel tank or in your owner’s manual. You can also find the right pressure for your tyres through our Tyre Selector vehicle search.
  • Where is it and what does it mean?

  • Check your tyres’ tread wear and condition visually. If your tread seems worn down or the tyres seem damaged, have the tyres checked by a professional.